Author: Simon Meshram, a student at Sandip University, Nashik, Maharashtra
Indian women’s lives are said to revolve around their marital status, which may have an impact on how empowered they feel. We are not attempting to minimize the struggles that males face, but all we’re doing is highlighting the fact that women are constantly juggling domestic and professional obligations.
Marital status and Women’s Empowerment in India
In Indian culture, parents feel it is their responsibility to arrange marriages for their offspring, particularly for their daughters. Hinduism views marriage as a holy union that should only be entered into for the purpose of procreation. The government of India has adopted various measures which are supposed to uplift the status of women.
The Effect on The Working Class
Women in lower-wage jobs are more likely to be subject to wage discrimination and get far less help with housework from their husbands than high-earning women. Lower-income women’s marriage prospects were hampered by men’s lower related earnings and an increase in birth control.
At the beginning of the 20th century, women were regarded as society’s guardians of morality; they were seen as possessing a finer nature than men. Their role was not defined as workers or moneymakers. Women were expected to hold on to their innocence until the right man came along so that they could start a family and inculcate that morality.
Working Women in India
Despite perceptions to the contrary, there are far fewer women than men in the paid workforce in India. A large percentage of women in India are actively engaged in traditional and non-traditional work.
Women in the labor force—19.9%
Women make up 24.6% of parliamentarians.
Women’s rights in India mainly include equality, dignity, and freedom from discrimination. During the British East India Company’s Rule (1757–1855) and the British Raj (1858–1947), measures aimed at ameliorating women’s conditions were enacted.
The Most Serious Issues Faced by Working Women
For the sake of simplicity and easy understanding, the main problems are divided into two. All such problems have a profound influence on working women’s time allocation.
- Health Problems
A healthy woman builds a healthy community. The heavy stress and strain they face while combining outside work and domestic work, child care, and care for the elderly makes them more tired and they have less leisure. A woman’s multiple roles affect not only her own health but also the overall health and well-being of her family.
- Family Related Problems
The role of the mother is so important in a family because she can more efficiently allocate resources to her children than the father because she’s more attached to them. Nearly one third of working workers face some kind of problem in relation to their family, such as lack of support to participate in income-earning activities outside the home.
- Problems with Gender
- Gender bias
- Unequal pay
- Mental and physical harassment 5.
- Lack of proper family support
Insufficient maternity leaves are considered a major issue and challenge that working women face nowadays.
Women are more likely than men to say they would encourage girls to pursue traditionally male-dominated fields and would encourage boys to enter traditionally female-dominated fields.
Women are spending time working like men, but there are many problems they face every day. Just like men, women play an important role in every sector. Their responsibility is so much higher than men’s.
- Chaiti Sharma Biswas and Ishita Mukhopadhyay, Marital status and women empowerment in India https://medcraveonline.com/SIJ/marital-status-and-women-empowerment-in-india.html (Visited on June 28, 2022)
- Sumant Sen, 17th Lok Sabha has the highest proportion of women https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/representation-of-women-in-17th-lok-sabha/article28769003.ece (Visited on June 27, 2022)
- Women in the Workforce: India (Quick Take), https://www.catalyst.org/research/women-in-the-workforce-india/#:~:text=Despite%20this%20growth%2C%20less%20than,total%20labor%20force%20in%20India. (Visited on June 29, 2022).